See Article History Alternative Titles: He gave his country two decades of prosperity under a stable, authoritarian government but finally led it to defeat in the Franco-German War — His mother, like all the Bonapartes, was banished from France in after the fall of Napoleon I. Eventually, she found a new home in Switzerland, where, inshe bought the castle of Arenenberg.
May 5, at age 51 Longwood, Saint Helena, British Empire Nationality House Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte was a military general whose successes in the field eventually brought him the title of Emperor of France. Napoleon, who is usually known by his first name alone, is acknowledged as having greatly improved both organization and training in the military, as well as reforming the French education system.
He was the sponsor of the Napoleonic Code, which remains the foundation of French civil law. Napoleon was twice captured by the British, eventually dying in exile on the Atlantic island of St. He was the son of Carlo Buonaparte, a prominent lawyer who had at one time supported the Corsican nationalists in their resistance to the French occupation of the island, but had later pledged his allegiance to France.
After this, he went on to the Parisian military academy. Carlo, his father, died of stomach cancer inwhile Napoleon was studying at the academy. This event thrust upon his young son the responsibility of being head of his family.
Napoleon graduated from the academy early and returned to Corsica the following year as a second lieutenant of artillery. Napoleon and Revolutionary France By this time, Napoleon had made the opposite philosophical choice of his father.
Although they possessed a formidable array of talents between them, the pair eventually quarreled. By the spring ofwhen civil war broke out on the island, Napoleon had removed his family to the mainland of France.
Napoleon resumed his service with the French army.
He served with his regiment beginning in June, at Nice. He showed strong sympathies with the popular leftist Jacobin movement that had grown out of the recent French Revolution. By this time France had been proclaimed a republic. The almost constant turmoil and uncertainty in France at this time meant that able, ambitious leaders such as Napoleon had a chance to shine.
Although the new republic was originally intended to overthrow the tyrannical rule of the French kings, in reality it simply swapped one tyrant for another. The dictatorial Committee of Public Safety, headed by Maximilien Robespierre, exercised almost total power over French citizens.
This period, which was later to be dubbed the Reign of Terror, was responsible for the deaths of up to 40, people. Robesepierre was himself executed when the Jacobins were toppled in After this the Directory became the ruling organization for the next four years.
Rise to Army Commander Perhaps due to his status as a potential alternative center for the loyalty of the French people, Napoleon soon lost favor with Robespierre.
This might have endangered his life had the Jacobins not fallen from power. Instead, inthe Directory rewarded Napoleon for his efforts in defending the French government from counter-revolutionaries.Launching yet another referendum, Napoleon was elected as Emperor of the French by a tally exceeding 99%.
As with the Life Consulate two years earlier, this referendum produced heavy participation, bringing out almost million voters to the polls.
May 02, · Napoleon Bonaparte () was a military general whose successes in the field eventually brought him the title of Emperor of France. Napoleon, who is usually known by his first . Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, Napoleon 1st of France. Originally Napoleone Buonaparte, also unofficially known as The Little Corporal (Le Petit Caporal) and The Corsican.
May 02, · Napoleon Bonaparte () was a military general whose successes in the field eventually brought him the title of Emperor of France. Napoleon, who is usually known by his first name alone, is acknowledged as having greatly improved both organization and training in the military, as well as reforming the French education system.
Napoleon I, French in full Napoléon Bonaparte, original Italian Napoleone Buonaparte, byname the Corsican or the Little Corporal, French byname Le Corse or Le Petit Caporal, (born August 15, , Ajaccio, Corsica—died May 5, , St.
Helena Island), French general, first consul (–), and emperor of the French (–/15), one of the most celebrated personages in the history of the .
Napoléon was Emperor of the French from to See the links below for detailed information about Napoléon’s military and political careers.
Napoléon married Joséphine de Beauharnais (born Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie on the island of Martinique in the Caribbean) in