Criminal justice organizations are structured differently based upon the mission of the organization.
Formal and Informal Organization: Features, Advantages and Disadvantages Article shared by: Read this article to learn about the features, advantages, disadvantages of formal and informal organization!
When the managers are carrying on organising process then as a result of organising process an organisational structure is created to achieve systematic working and efficient utilization of resources. This type of structure is known as formal organisational structure.
Formal organisational structure clearly spells out the job to be performed by each individual, the authority, responsibility assigned to every individual, the superior- subordinate relationship and the designation of every individual in the organisation.
This structure is created intentionally by the managers for achievement of organisational goal. Features of Formal organisation: Advantages of Formal Organisation: Formal organisation structure results in systematic and smooth functioning of an organisation.
Achievement of Organisational Objectives: Formal organisational structure is established to achieve organisational objectives.
No Overlapping of Work: In formal organisation structure work is systematically divided among various departments and employees. So there is no chance of duplication or overlapping of work.
Formal organisational structure results in coordinating the activities of various departments. Creation of Chain of Command: Formal organisational structure clearly defines superior subordinate relationship, i. More Emphasis on Work: Formal organisational structure lays more emphasis on work than interpersonal relations.
Disadvantages of Formal Organisation: While following scalar chain and chain of command actions get delayed in formal structure. Ignores Social Needs of Employees: Formal organisational structure does not give importance to psychological and social need of employees which may lead to demotivation of employees.
Emphasis on Work Only: Formal organisational structure gives importance to work only; it ignores human relations, creativity, talents, etc. In the formal organisational structure individuals are assigned various job positions.
While working at those job positions, the individuals interact with each other and develop some social and friendly groups in the organisation. This network of social and friendly groups forms another structure in the organisation which is called informal organisational structure.
The informal organisational structure gets created automatically and the main purpose of such structure is getting psychological satisfaction. The existence of informal structure depends upon the formal structure because people working at different job positions interact with each other to form informal structure and the job positions are created in formal structure.
So, if there is no formal structure, there will be no job position, there will be no people working at job positions and there will be no informal structure.
Features of informal organisation: Advantages of Informal Organisation: Informal structure does not follow scalar chain so there can be faster spread of communication.
Informal communication gives due importance to psychological and social need of employees which motivate the employees.
Through informal structure the top level managers can know the real feedback of employees on various policies and plans. Strategic Use of Informal Organisation. Informal organisation can be used to get benefits in the formal organisation in the following way: The knowledge of informal group can be used to gather support of employees and improve their performance.
Through grapevine important information can be transmitted quickly.Organization and Management in the Criminal Justice System From organizational theory to managing a criminal justice organization, this book is a must-read for anyone pursuing a career in criminal justice administration.
Reading 3. The Organizational Structure of International Drug Smuggling by Jana S. Benson and Scott H. Decker. Criminal acts that are very serious may receive the full process that the criminal justice system has to offer, from arrest to trial.
However, less serious cases are often settled long before the formal process has run full course, this is known as informal justice. Start studying Criminal Justice Organizations and Management.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. organization's formal structure. the task structure of the organization and the position power of leaders. Defining Management and Organization 1 In this era of globalization accompanied by complexity, ambiguity, List and discuss criminal justice organizations and the various specialties in criminal justice administration and passed down through formal and informal messages to employees.
According to Hecht (), objections should filter. The subjects described a general lack of formal structure and of a formal organization. Accordingly, the current study examined the recruitment and promotion procedures used in the organization to J.S.
Benson, S.H. Decker / Journal of Criminal Justice 38 () – Criminal justice organizations are structured differently based upon the mission of the organization.
Compare and contrast the organizational structures of correctional agencies, law enforcement agencies, and courts.