Unfortunately, the guardrail gives way the instant you lean on it. You plummet, falling head over heels toward the pavement of the street below. No, instead you find yourself immersed in an immense, soft bed. Of all the vehicles to fall into, you managed to hit an open trailer full of defective pillows from the local bedding factory.
The Fine-Tuning Argument, Generalized by Luke Muehlhauser on September 30, in Design Argument Religious believers often claim that the universe is fine-tuned for life, and that this is evidence of God.
As such, it invites a careful examination. This argument takes many forms, but we might generalize it like this: The apparent fine-tuning of the universe for life is explained by naturalistic design, naturalistic non-design, supernatural design, supernatural non-design, or some Anthropic 30 thesis of those factors.
The apparent fine-tuning of the universe for life is not explained by naturalistic design, naturalistic non-design, supernatural non-design, or a combination of factors. Therefore, the apparent fine-tuning of the universe for life is explained by supernatural design. The argument is deductively valid, so if the premises are true then the conclusion must be true.
Premise 1 is not much debated. The four options given cover all possibilites. But perhaps the fine-tuning of the universe could be explained by a combination of these options, so premise 1 is not certain.
So nearly all the action is on premise 2. If premise 2 is more probably true than not, then it may be fair to say that the apparent fine-tuning of the universe counts as genuine evidence for supernatural design.
Most of the debate, however, has focused on two of these possibilities: I may return briefly to the other two possibilities later, but for the most part I would like to set them aside. I currently believe naturalistic non-design explains the apparent fine-tuning of our universe, and most people who disagree with me defend a supernatural design hypothesis.
So those are the two possibilities on which I will focus. The first [objection] is this: Most of it is completely inhospitable and hostile to life. The fine-tuning argument applies to the universe as a whole.
The second objection is: We are adapted to the universe by evolution, not the universe is adapted to us. Also, remember that admitting that our universe is fine-tuned for life does not immediately priviledge a design hypothesis: The orbits of the planets are not fine-tuned ellipses because of gods, but because of physics.
And as Moritz agrees, it appears that primitive biological systems need not have been fine-tuned for replication and evolution by a deity — instead, their properties emerged from chemistry. Defenders of the fine-tuning argument have put the emphasis in different places. If the universe is fine-tuned for life, it is even more fine-tuned for intelligent life or conscious life.
Where the distinction matters, we shall examine it — including, in the next post of this series. What, exactly, is fine-tuned?
A few people — Victor Stenger and Fred Adamsfor example — have questioned the idea that the universe is so finely-tuned as usually claimed. Instead, I will take the vast majority of cosmologists at their word when they say that if the parameters of our universe were much different, life as we know it could not exist.The Anthropocene is a proposed epoch dating from the commencement of significant human impact on the Earth's geology and ecosystems, of global environmental conditions not of their own vetconnexx.com end of the last glacial period – when as much as 30% of Earth's surface was ice-bound.
A local knowledge-based approach to predict anthropic harvesting pressure zones of wild edible mushrooms as a tool for forest conservation in Central Mexico. ± Dense fir forest Master's Thesis.
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The anthropic principle is a philosophical consideration that observations of the universe must be compatible with the conscious and sapient life that observes it. and some theoretical predictions of the amount of dark matter account for about 30% of this critical density, with the rest contributed by a cosmological constant.
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Ah, but super-human AI is not the only way Moloch can bring our demise. How many such dangers can your global monarch identify in time?
EMs, nanotechnology, memetic contamination, and all the other unknown ways we’re running to the bottom.