This post is less something I will defend to the death and more a form of self-therapy.
What we have are largely notes, written at various points in his career, for different purposes, edited and cobbled together by later followers. The style of the resulting collection is often rambling, repetitious, obscure, and disjointed.
There are many arcane, puzzling, and perhaps contradictory passages. Some familiarity with Greek terminology is required if one hopes to capture the nuances in his thought. Classicists and scholars do argue, of course, about the precise Greek meaning of key words or phrases but many of these debates involve minor points of interpretation that cannot concern us here.
Many good translations of Aristotle are available.
Parenthetical citations below include the approximate Bekker number the scholarly notation for referring to Aristotelian passages according to page, column, and line number of a standard editionthe English title of the work, and the name of the translator.
Ancient commentators regarded logic as a widely-applicable instrument or method for careful thinking. These books touch on many issues: But we cannot confine our present investigations to the Organon.
Aristotle comments on the principle of non-contradiction in the Metaphysics, on less rigorous forms of argument in the Rhetoric, on the intellectual virtues in the Nicomachean Ethics, on the difference between truth and falsity in On the Soul, and so on.
Why Historical Distance is not a Problem. MARK BEVIR. History and Theory, Theme Issue 50 (December ), This essay argues that concerns about historical distance arose along with modernist historicism, and they disappear with postfoundationalism. A Framework for Making Ethical Decisions; A Framework for Making Ethical Decisions that is, ethics provides good reasons for why something is moral. 2. which deals with the nature of the right or the good, as well as the nature and justification of ethical claims; 2.) normative ethics, which deals with the standards and principles used. Are Reason and Emotion Equally Necessary in Justifying Moral Decisions? Essay Sample. In my essay for TOK I will deal with an issue regarding language.
We cannot overlook such important passages if we wish to gain an adequate understanding of Aristotelian logic. Categories The world, as Aristotle describes it in his Categories, is composed of substances—separate, individual things—to which various characterizations or properties can be ascribed.
Each substance is a unified whole composed of interlocking parts. There are two kinds of substances. A primary substance is in the simplest instance an independent or detachable object, composed of matter, characterized by form. Individual living organisms—a man, a rainbow trout, an oak tree—provide the most unambiguous examples of primary substances.
Secondary substances are the larger groups, the species or genera, to which these individual organisms belong. So man, horse, mammals, animals and so on would be examples of secondary substances.
Aristotle elaborates a logic that is designed to describe what exists in the world. We may well wonder then, how many different ways can we describe something? In his Categories 4. In the Topics I.Evaluate the role of intuition in different areas of knowledge.
Hajar Elaalej. Gandhi Memorial International School. Anna Wściubiak.
Kolegium Europejskie. 2. Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decisions? Colin Kinniburgh. United Nations International School “Moral wisdom seems to be as little connected to.
Start studying ethics and law chapter 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Stoicism. Stoicism originated as a Hellenistic philosophy, founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium (modern day Cyprus), c.
B.C.E. It was influenced by Socrates and the Cynics, and it engaged in vigorous debates with the Skeptics, the Academics, and the Epicureans. Emotions and Decision Making, p. 3 Hence, in order to have anything like a complete theory of human rationality, we have to understand what role emotion plays in it.
Sep 19, · For me, to justify a moral decision, is like understanding it is important to stand behind what you believe in.
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