They carry more weight and authority, and are likely to be more convincing. Academic sources are Authoritative: A source written by a recognised expert in a field is more likely to be trustworthy although expertise should never be accepted blindly - see evaluating source quality for more.
Information for business decisions 2nd ed. This is often true for collaborative or official works from government departments, corporations, or other organisations.
In this case, use the group in the author position, both in the in-text citation and in the reference list: Sometimes the group author is also the publisher.
See identical publisher and author below for details. If there is no group author, the title should be moved to the author position. The first few words of the title are used in the in-text citation. If it is a book or web page title, put it in italics.
Beehive updating job wins award.
For information on and help with Endnote see: Endnote Massey Identical author and publisher When citing a group author, the publisher and author's names are often identical.
It is often used to identify online journal articles and other online documents. International Journal of Stress Management, 15 2— The DOI will usually appear as part of the source's copyright information or online citation.
You can also look up a DOI at http: For books and other print publications, use the copyright date if possible. Massey Library's catalogue lists a year of publication for each book in its collection. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage.
Palmerston North, New Zealand: For cities in the United States, use the two-letter postal code abbreviation for the state instead of the country: You can find the two-letter state abbreviations at https: Alternatively, if the source identifies a home office, use that city.
No city of publication Cities of publication are usually found on the copyright page of a book one of the first pages inside the front cover.
Massey Library's catalogue lists cities of publication for each book in its collection. The APA style guide does not specify what should be done if no city of publication is available. We suggest that you provide as much location information as you can - the country of publication, for example.
No page numbers Some sources, particularly web pages, do not have page numbers indicated. Most of the time, it is enough just to cite the author and the year of publication.
Benson,Discussion section, para. The discovery of… The month etc. References and further reading American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed.
Your course, department, school, or institute may prescribe specific conventions, and their recommendations supersede these instructions.American Psychological Association format is the style most often used when writing papers for the social sciences. When citing a thesis in APA format, include a reference section entry at the end.
Definition of A Research Project Proposal. A research proposal is defined as, “A document that is typically written by a scientist or academic which describes the ideas for an investigation on a .
APA style guide - How to cite thesis/dissertation in your reference list. APA Citation Basics Ph.D, M.D.) in your citations. The main contributors to the source, normally the authors, APA Ex: Thesis/dissertation.
According to the sixth edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" and the seventh "How to Cite a Ph.D. Title at the End of a.
Use our APA editing service for your master's thesis or doctoral dissertation and work directly with the APA expert you select. Don't agonize over italics, statistical symbols, punctuation, or whether to use "fourth" or "4th." Let your APA editor polish your paper. Get on with your life and career.