References Introduction Throughout History humans have looked to the sky to navigate the vast oceans, to decide when to plant their crops and to answer questions of where we came from and how we got here.
Information on Flavius Josephus Josephus is an invaluable source for the history of Judaism in the Second Temple period. Josephus was born in 37 C. His mother was a descendant of the Hasmonean family that had ruled Jerusalem a century earlier, and by birthright he was a priest.
In Jerusalem he received a superb education, and at the age of 27 in 64 C. Two years later he was pressed to serve as the general of the Jewish forces in Galilee in the revolt against Rome.
He was captured and afterwards became a Roman citizen and pensioner of the Flavian emperors Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. He is most widely known by the Roman name he then acquired, Flavius Josephus or simply "Josephus".
In Rome Josephus resided in an apartment within the emperor's house and devoted much of his time to writing. In part his works were addressed to his fellow Jews, justifying to them not only Roman conduct during the Jewish War, but also his own personal conduct in switching loyalties.
However, his writings were also designed to justify Jewish culture and religion to an interested and sometimes sympathetic Roman audience.
The earliest of his extant writings is the Bellum Judaicarum or Jewish Warwhich was apparently drafted initially in Aramaic and then translated into Greek 5 to 10 years after the 70 C. His second work, Antiquitates Judaicae or Jewish Antiquitieswas published more than a decade later; it was much longer, and recounts Jewish history from creation to the Jewish War, and contains some valuable historical information.
His last two works, probably published shortly before his death, include the Vita or Lifean autobiography intended primarily to defend his conduct during the Jewish War 30 years earlier, and Contra Apionem or Against Apionan apologetic defense of Judaism against a wave of anti-Semitism emanating from Alexandria.
Josephus probably died ca. His writings, while generally ignored by fellow Jews, were preserved by Christians not only because they chronicled generally and so well the "time between the testaments," but also because they contained specific references to John the Baptist, Jesus of Nazareth, and Jesus' brother James.
On the much-disputed matter of whether Josephus mentioned Jesus, see my essay on the Testimonium Flavianum. Although a "Discourse to the Greeks on Hades" is present in Whiston's translation, few if any scholars today believe that Josephus wrote this work.
This is why parallels with NT phrases have been italicized at Wheaton's on-line library above. I am informed of the following by Stephen Carlson: After posting to Ioudaios, I received two replies copied herein that state that it is well-settled that Josephus did not write this discourse.
The work is lost except for a rather lengthy fragment preserved in John of Damscus' Sacra Parallela which includes the excerpt on Hades and the comparison between Minos, Rhadamanthos, and Christ.
The myth of Josephan authorship stems from Photius' Bibliotheca 48, which refers to a peri tou pantou of Josephus.
However, Photius himself doubted the attribution to Josephus and cited a marginal note indicated a presbyter of Rome named Gaius as the author. As the marginal note claims that Gaius also wrote the Labyrinth which is another title for Hippolytus' Philosophumena, the gloss essentially got the authorship right, but confused the names Gaius and Hippolytus.
The fragment is readily available on the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae cd-rom under Hippolytus, on the universe around line Boards and Departments of Education. California Department of Education. Information on all facets of K state education programs with links to a variety of resources .
Hermes gives Perseus guidance and a sword stronger than the Medusa's scales. He tells Perseus that to fight the Medusa Perseus will need special equipment from the Nymphs of the North.
Their location is a mystery, and Perseus must ask the Gray Women, three sisters who . Jan 08, · Perseus- the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths of the Twelve Olympians.
Perseus is a major hero from Greek mythology best known for his clever decapitation of Medusa, the monster who turned all who looked at her face into vetconnexx.com also rescued Andromeda from the sea monster.
Like most of the mythological heroes, the genealogy of Perseus makes him the son of .
A HISTORY OF VIOLENCE In sixteenth-century Paris, a popular form of entertainment was cat-burning, in which a cat was hoisted in a sling on a . Information on Flavius Josephus. Josephus is an invaluable source for the history of Judaism in the Second Temple period. Louis H. Feldman offers the following comments on Josephus (The Anchor Bible Dictionary, v.
3, pp. ): Josephus was born in 37 C.E. and was given the Hebrew name Joseph ben Mattathias.