Although typically the shortest part of the paper, the abstract receives a disproportionate amount of attention for its size, and is used to make decisions about the value of medical research that far outweigh the emphasis placed upon it when writing the manuscript. For the medical writer or investigator, it is important to remember that the abstract helps other medical writers and researchers decide whether the paper is relevant to their work.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Abstracts of scientific papers are sometimes poorly written, often lack important information, and occasionally convey a biased picture.
This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper.
Earlier articles offered suggestions on how to write a good case report,[ 1 ] and how to read, write, or review a paper on randomized controlled trials. Although the primary target of this paper is the young researcher, it is likely that authors with all levels of experience will find at least a few ideas that may be useful in their future efforts.
The abstract of a paper is the only part of the paper that is published in conference proceedings. The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a manuscript.
The abstract is the only part of the paper that readers see when they search through electronic databases such as PubMed. Finally, most readers will acknowledge, with a chuckle, that when they leaf through the hard copy of a journal, they look at only the titles of the contained papers.
If a title interests them, they glance through the abstract of that paper. Only a dedicated reader will peruse the contents of the paper, and then, most often only the introduction and discussion sections.
Only a reader with a very specific interest in the subject of the paper, and a need to understand it thoroughly, will read the entire paper.
Thus, for the vast majority of readers, the paper does not exist beyond its abstract. For the referees, and the few readers who wish to read beyond the abstract, the abstract sets the tone for the rest of the paper. It is therefore the duty of the author to ensure that the abstract is properly representative of the entire paper.
For this, the abstract must have some general qualities. These are listed in Table 1. The usual sections defined in a structured abstract are the Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions; other headings with similar meanings may be used eg, Introduction in place of Background or Findings in place of Results.
Some journals include additional sections, such as Objectives between Background and Methods and Limitations at the end of the abstract. In the rest of this paper, issues related to the contents of each section will be examined in turn. Background This section should be the shortest part of the abstract and should very briefly outline the following information:Аind some practical abstract examples to land yourself an A+; learn how to write quality abstract or order one from our professional team to improve your grade.
Abstracts of scientificpapers are sometimes poorly written, often lack important information, and occasionally convey a biased picture. This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results.
How to make sure that an abstract not only supports the manuscript but also bring maximum attention paper, the abstract a good scientific abstract. Here are some very successful sample abstracts from a range of different apparel and textile design abstract) in treating medical conditions that.
In a thesis or a dissertation, however, it is. When it comes to research abstract examples, the issue can be a little tricky. On the whole, any kind of research paper presupposes an abstract. However, in their first years of college, students often work on relatively short . Structure of a medical research paper: Title Indicate the focus of the paper and include important Abstract Most journals require a structured abstract.