Post Carbon Institute26 September under a Creative Commons License Akropolis by Leo von Klenze Could declining world energy result in a turn toward authoritarianism by governments around the world?
Strangers approached Cheshire with care, the folk there were different and difficult to understand Once the forests had been cleared Cheshire was a farming paradise Cheshire grass was plentiful, cheap and excellent quality fodder Cheshire was cow country.
But where do we start? Time has been going on for obscure ages Folk and Cows Charles Darwin understood about deep history In geological time keuper marl was the underlay of the Cheshire area with stiff and variable bolder clay on top.
The landscape had been ravaged by glaciers, in rampage and in retreat. From the early days salt had a significant impact on the economic history of Cheshire Cheshire was renowned for its lucrative deposits of agricultural marl which were found throughout the shire Cheshire was remote and distant from the early land bridges from the continent and the maritime influences affecting the English south.
The rivers flowed north into the Irish Sea contrasting with the Shropshire rivers which flowed South; the glacial moraines from Ellesmere to Madeley made a natural watershed and barrier. These were 'kettle holes' formed from huge blocks from the melting glaciers, helped by natural and unintentional subsidence and erosion of the salt which lay in such abundance under the plain.
Trout were abundant in the rivers and fishing was a rewarding skill for those close to the fast flowing Dee, the lazy Weaver, and the Gowy, Dane, Wheelock, Bollin, Goyt, Etherow, Tame and Mersey There were oak trees in Cheshire, supplemented by alders, willows and birch found by the mossy, peaty waters, with ash and some elm on the higher slopes.
Hazels and hollies were in every wood and the hazel nuts were a boon Over the centuries, animals and folk became locked into an intense symbiotic relationship as an ongoing co-evolution started with hunting and progressed to domestication Charles Darwin introduced his 'Origin of Species' with a description of the selection process from which new varieties of domesticated animals emerged, thus emphasising the reality of a complex interdependency which dominated life in Cheshire from the dark of history to the present.
The hunting of animals sparked deep emotional responses in folk, emotions first experienced by ancient ancestors hunting on the African savannah. Folk had begun to depend on the animal protein that was essential to feed growing brains, essential for competitive survival In Neolithic times, around 3, BC, the hunters settled in communities, cleared bits of the forests and ceased their nomadic life Animal husbandry, together with the crop cultivation necessary to feed the animals as well as the folk!
It seemed settled farmers everywhere were always involved in selective breeding and domestication of animals Big benefits for folks and big benefits for the cows And as Edward Hindley realised much later; from animals and their carcasses a galaxy of other goodies were discovered.
The domestication of animals was a natural process, 'artificial selection' was a confusing term, domestication was Darwin's 'natural selection' in operation. As folk settled in communities animals which failed to show any propensity to become tame simply did not survive. Wild animals were disruptive and spoilt the party, they were hunted out of town.
On the other hand, tame animals were protected and encouraged to breed As the farmers invested in land and stocks, their cattle had to be protected from acquisitive neighbours The word cattle itself came from 'caput', head, and was associated with 'chattels', moveable property, and 'capital', economic property The dominion over animals which was essential for survival, clashed with a deep empathy for living creatures and an instinctive aversion to slaughter.
Intriguingly over the vast scales of evolutionary time, selective breeding of animals was matched by selective breeding of folk So there we have it Perhaps man's interaction with animals was all about cooperation and synergy rather than exploitation?
In this way cooperative cultural behaviours were inherited by Cheshire folk and other folk also! These were universal issues that had to be solved wherever and whenever folk settled in agricultural communities.
Communities in Cheshire evolved in the same way as others had centuries before in the great river civilisations in Mesopotamia.Conferences. REPORT OF SPICON International Conference on “Recent advances in Engineering, Technology and Management” 31 st May – 2 nd June Sardar Patel College of Engineering is celebrating its Golden Jubilee in the year Moore's Law is the observation that the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approximately every two years.
This aspect of technological progress is important as the capabilities of many digital electronic devices are strongly linked to Moore's Law.
Below I will show how aspects as diverse as processing speed, product price, memory . The Double-Edged Sword of Technology By Graham M. Turner When questions of population growth and sustainability are debated, the silver bullet of technological progress is usually proposed or implied.
Artwork by Kurt Röschl for Erich Dolezal: Unternehmen Mars; Sir Arthur C. Clarke made a famous observation about space explorers discovering aliens: "If one considers the millions of years of pre-history, and the rapid technological advancement occurring now, if you apply that to a hypothetical alien race, one can figure the probabilities of how advanced the explorers will find them.
Technological progress is causing certain jobs to disappear It is also part of a broader trend seen since the times of the Industrial Revolution and recently returning to the fore. Dispatch Saudi Arabia Is Betting Its Future on a Desert Megacity Can Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s ambitious plans jumpstart social and economic .