# The cross elasticity of demand and supply in the oil industry

How does the law of supply and demand affect the oil industry? By Investopedia Updated August 24, — Substitute Goods The cross elasticity of demand for substitute goods is always positive because the demand for one good increases when the price for the substitute good increases.

## BREAKING DOWN 'Cross Elasticity of Demand'

For example, if the price of coffee increases, the quantity demanded for tea a substitute beverage increases as consumers switch to a less expensive yet substitutable alternative. This is reflected in the cross elasticity of demand formula, as both the numerator percentage change in the demand of tea and denominator the price of coffee show positive increases.

Items with a coefficient of 0 are unrelated items and are goods independent of each other. Items may be weak substitutes, in which the two products have a positive but low cross elasticity of demand.

## How does the law of supply and demand affect the oil industry? | Investopedia

This is often the case for different product substitutes, such as tea versus coffee. Items that are strong substitutes have a higher cross elasticity of demand.

Complementary Goods Alternatively, the cross elasticity of demand for complementary goods is negative. As the price for one item increases, an item closely associated with that item and necessary for its consumption decreases because the demand for the main good has also dropped.

For example, if the price of coffee increases, the quantity demanded for coffee stir sticks drops as consumers are drinking less coffee and need to purchase fewer sticks. In the formula, the numerator quantity demanded of stir sticks is negative and the denominator the price of coffee is positive. This results in a negative cross elasticity. Usefulness of Cross Elasticity of Demand Companies utilize cross elasticity of demand to establish prices to sell their goods. Products with no substitutes have the ability to be sold at higher prices because there is no cross elasticity of demand to consider. However, incremental price changes to goods with substitutes are analyzed to determine the appropriate level of demand desired and the associated price of the good.

Additionally, complementary goods are strategically priced based on cross elasticity of demand. For example, printers may be sold at a loss with the understanding that the demand for future complementary goods, such as printer ink, should increase.Elasticity of supply is the percentage change in quantity divided by the percentage change in the variable in question or If the supply price elasticity of oil is , it follows that if the price of oil increases by 1 percent, the quantity of oil supplied increases by percent.

## Cross elasticity of demand - Wikipedia

This measure of elasticity is sometimes referred to as the own-price elasticity of demand for a good, i.e., The latter type of elasticity measure is called a cross-price elasticity of demand.

Price elasticity of supply; Supply and demand; Notes References. Arnold, Roger A. (17 December ). cross-price and income elasticities of demand and estimated price elasticities of supply ESTIMATION OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND ELASTICITIES OF CALIFORNIA COMMODITIES by The primary purpose of this research project is to obtain updated supply and demand elasticity estimates of major California commodities.

That is, short and long-run. Short revision video on cross price elasticity of demand We are looking here at the effect that changes in relative prices within a market have on the pattern of demand.

With cross elasticity we make an important distinction between substitute and complementary products. The demand for oil. The demand for oil has a number of important characteristics. Demand is increasing in the advanced, OECD economies, which make up approximately 66% of total world demand. Between and , world demand increased by 40%, from 60m barrels per day to over 85m barrels.

The law of supply and demand primarily affects the oil industry by determining the price of the "black gold." The costs and expectations about the costs of oil are the major determining factors in.

Price elasticity of demand - Wikipedia