Thomas Boylston Adams — Elizabeth stillborn in  Her childrearing style included relentless and continual reminders of what the children owed to virtue and the Adams tradition. Letters exchanged throughout John's political obligations indicate his trust in Abigail's knowledge was sincere. Like her husband, Abigail often quoted literature in her letters. Historian David McCullough claims that she did so "more readily" than her husband.
Quincy, Massachusetts American political advisor and first lady Though she believed her main role in life to be wife and mother, Abigail Adams also was a behind-the-scenes stateswoman. She used her talents to maintain her family during the many absences of her husband, John Adams, the second president of the United States, and to advise her husband about women's rights and slavery.
Her detailed letters with her husband, family, and friends provide a historical record of the times and show her to have been a woman ahead of her time.
Although many of Abigail's relatives were well-to-do merchants and ship captains, she was raised in a simple, rural setting. She was educated at home, learning domestic skills, such as sewing, fine needle-work, and cooking, along with reading and writing.
She took advantage of her father's extensive library to broaden her knowledge. Her lack of formal education became a life-long regret. As an adult, she favored equal education for women.
She once argued that educated mothers raise educated children. On October 25,Abigail married John Adams, a struggling, Harvard-educated country lawyer nine years her senior.
Although John Adams was not from a prominent family, the couple was well matched intellectually and the marriage was a happy one. He admired and encouraged Abigail's outspokenness and intelligence.
She supported him by running the family farm, raising their children, listening to him, and trying to help him with his problems. Early political years During the first few years of their marriage, John Adams lived mostly in Boston, Massachusetts, building his law career and becoming involved with the growing political unrest.
This political unrest was brought about by the English government's attempts to tighten control over its colonies through the passage of laws and new taxes that many colonists did not support. Abigail, however, remained at Braintree later QuincyMassachusetts, to run the family farm.
Although women at that time did not normally handle business affairs, Abigail traded livestock, hired help, bought land, oversaw construction, and supervised the planting and harvesting. During the next few years, hostilities between the American colonies and Great Britain increased, forcing John Adams away from home more often.
He was chosen as a delegate to the First Continental Congress.
The congress was a group of colonial representatives who met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on September 5,and took a stand against the British government's policy of passing laws over the colonists without colonial representation.
He traveled constantly in addition to those duties, trying to earn as much money as he could practicing law. He tried to make these difficult times easier by writing long letters to Abigail, sometimes several a day. She, in turn, wrote to her husband of her own loneliness, doubts, and fears.
She suffered from migraines and chronic insomnia. Despite her own bouts with illness, she gave birth to five children. One daughter, Susanna, born inlived for only a year. The Congress also set up a government for the colonies. A year later, on July 4,the Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, in which the American colonies declared their independence from the government of Great Britain.
During the war Abigail provided meals and lodging to soldiers who stopped at the Adams' home at all hours of the day Abigail Adams. In the fall ofthe inhabitants of Braintree suffered an epidemic of dysentery, an often-fatal bowel infection.
Abigail had to nurse her sick relatives in addition to caring for her children. Her mother and five other members of her family eventually died from the illness.
As the fighting drew closer to Boston, Abigail Adams wrote many letters describing the events of the time. In a letter written in Marchshe urged her husband to take women's rights into consideration if and when the colonies gained independence: He took one or two of his sons on these assignments, which continued after the war ended, giving America its independence from Great Britain in Early Life Abigail Smith (Adams) was born on November 11, , in Weymouth, Massachusetts.
She was the second child born to Elizabeth Quincy Smith and the Reverend William Smith. Early life Abigail Smith was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, on November 11, , to William and Elizabeth Quincy Smith.
Her well-educated father was the minister of the North Parish Congregational Church of vetconnexx.com: Oct 28, Early life and family. Abigail Adams was born at the North Parish Congregational Church in Weymouth, Massachusetts, to William Smith (–) and Elizabeth (née Quincy) Smith.
On her mother's side, she was descended from the Quincy family, a well-known political family in the Massachusetts vetconnexx.comh her mother she was a cousin of Dorothy Quincy, wife of John vetconnexx.comen: Abigail, John Quincy, Susanna, Charles, Thomas, and Elizabeth (stillborn).
Watch video · Abigail Adams was the wife of President John Adams and the mother of John Quincy Adams, who became the sixth president of the United States. . As the wife of John Adams, Abigail Adams was the first woman to serve as Second Lady of United States and the second woman to serve as First Lady.
She was also the mother of the sixth President. Early life Abigail Smith was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, on November 11, , to William and Elizabeth Quincy Smith. Her well-educated father was the minister of the North Parish Congregational Church of vetconnexx.com: Oct 28,