Classical music[ edit ] Early instances in classical music[ edit ] The use of characteristic, short, recurring motifs in orchestral music can be traced back to the early seventeenth century, such as L'Orfeo by Monteverdi. Their use, however, is not extensive or systematic. The power of the technique was exploited early in the nineteenth century by composers of Romantic opera, such as Carl Maria von Weberwhere recurring themes or ideas were sometimes used in association with specific characters e.
Nationalism Nationalism was both a uniting force and a divisive one. It resulted in Germany and Italy uniting into strong nations, and also caused the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary. At the turn of the century, war was imminent. As nationalism weakened the Ottoman Empire, the Slavic peoples of the Balkan region struggled to free themselves from Ottoman control.
Serbia declared independence inallying themselves to Russia. Serbia then wanted to unite with Bosnia and Herzegovina, which were controlled by Austria-Hungary.
Gavrilo Princip, of the Serbian nationalist group called the Black Hand, assassinated the Archduke and his wife. Austria-Hungary made threats to Serbia, whom they blamed for the assassination. Russia supported Serbia, and readied their military for war. Germany then invaded Belgium as a prelude to invading France.
Entrenched positions on both sides were only able to move a few miles in a battle that lasted the better part of a year. The conditions of trench warfare were brutal; trench-foot, disease, lice, and inadequate supplies made fighting difficult.
Advances in technology also played a major role. The machine gun, the tank, the airplane, the submarine, and the use of poison gas drastically changed the face of modern war, and resulted in large numbers of casualties.
The Aftermath and its Impact on Subsequent Events Overwhelming odds and weariness forced an end to the fighting with the defeat of the Central Powers. Together, they drafted the Treaty of Versailles, signed inwhich officially ended the war. Wilson tried to institute his 14 Points but was largely rejected.
However, the League of Nations was created as a result and attempted to act as the peacekeeper of Europe. Unfortunately, it was weak and ineffectual due to the absence of the United States.
The treaty, however, was more about revenge, than it was about forging a lasting peace. Germany was forced to accept total responsibility for the start of the war.
They also were forced to pay huge reparations, and give over vast amounts of territory. The most obvious example of this is anti-Semitism, the blaming of the Jewish people for many German problems. Benito Mussolini, the fascist leader of Italy, had a similar rise and utilized the same policies.
Without the negative influence of the Versailles Treaty, Germans and Italians may not have supported the oppressive regimes of Hitler and Mussolini. Institutions like the League of Nations, and peace treaties such as the Kellogg-Briand Pact, were weak and ineffectual.
Germany, as it had previous to WWI, was using nationalism and militarism to imperialize surrounding areas. Austria and portions of Czechoslovakia were taken by Germany in direct violation of the dictations of the Versailles Treaty.
Likewise, Italy had taken Ethiopia, and Japan had imperialized much of China. Appeasement became the official policy when Hitler was allowed to keep what was already taken if he promised to stop taking territory from that point forward.
The futile hopes of appeasement were quickly dashed when Hitler annexed the remainder of Czechoslovakia. The worst fears were realized when Hitler invaded Poland in using the blitzkrieg tactic. Blitzkrieg, or Lightening Warfare used all available military resources to attack the target simultaneously.
In Europe, Germany had quickly taken over large amounts of territory. France fell after French and British troops were pushed off of the European mainland at Dunkirk. Then, Germany failed to win the Battle of Britain in the skies over England.
Italian and German troops gained control of the Mediterranean and the North coast of Africa. Germany also attacked the Soviet Union, despite the secret agreement between Hitler and Josef Stalin, which stated neither would attack the other.
The Battle of Stalingrad was the turning point of the war in Europe. After this Soviet victory, Allied troops retook Africa and then move on to take the Italian peninsula.Travel Writing Contest Winners: Theme: Writers are invited to describe how traveling in a slower manner and adapting to the space and time of natives has deepened your experience of both the people and the vetconnexx.com of the results of a slower form of travel is the experience of "epiphanies" that change one's perceptions of the world, of others, and of oneself.
GLOBAL REGENTS THEMATIC ESSAY TOPICS AND DBQ SINCE (Global Regents Review Sheet) ESSAY TIPS FOR BOTH ESSAYS. NOTE - THE COMPLETE ESSAYS AND EXAMS CAN BE FOUND AT THE BOARD OF REGENTS WEBSITE. World War I, World War II, Sepoy Rebellion, Opium War) DBQ - Economic development leads to change in Mexico, Botswana, and China.
ESSAY . World War I essay papers. Surely two of the greatest wars of recent time, as well as all time, are that of World War I and World War II. Each of the One treaty which sticks out as one that was poorly designed, initiated, and implemented was the Treaty of Versailles.
The Treaty of Versailles w.
Perhaps a close cousin to documentary, the essay film is at its core a personal mode of filmmaking. Structured in a breadth of forms, a partial definition could be said to be part fact, part fiction with an intense intimacy (but none of these are necessarily paramount).
U.S. History regents - thematic essays from the past 10 years. thematic essay questions on the U.S. Regents exams from January - August STUDY. PLAY. 8/ Thematic: Foreign Policy (Cold War) Following World War II, the threat of communist expansion led the United States to take diplomatic, military, and economic actions to limit the.
1. This thematic essay has a minimum of six components vary, e. g., nationalism led to both World War I and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
3. The discussion of the effects of the armed conflict may be on a specific group of people, a country, a region, or any combination of these.
4. The same region may be used to discuss the effects of both.